New Prime Day Research Reveals How Amazon, DPD, FedEx & Other Delivery Companies Pollute Our Streets & Cities

July 12, 2022

12 July 2022: A new report from Research Group, commissioned by the Clean Mobility Collective, shows that the last-mile emissions of the six most polluting delivery and e-commerce companies* alone is approximately 4.5 megatons of CO2, roughly equivalent to CO2 emissions from 600,000 US homes’ energy use for one year. This is only set to increase in years to come, especially as all companies are secretive about their impact.

Greg Higgs of Research Group said, “We researched 90 courier companies across Europe, India, and North America. Not one of them openly discloses their last-mile emissions. We discovered that the top six polluters account for over two-thirds of total CO2 emissions across all parent companies in our database. In addition, these six companies are also primarily responsible for subcontracting delivery services to many of the remaining companies in our dataset, which means their negative impact on the climate and public health is likely to be even higher.”

Transport is already the world’s largest source of new greenhouse gas emissions, currently responsible for almost 12% of all emissions worldwide. At the same time, global CO2 emissions rebounded to their highest levels in history in 2021, post-Covid lockdowns. Streets across the world are danger zones, filled with polluting fumes, carbon monoxide and worse.

Clean Mobility Collective’s International Coordinator Aslihan Tumer said: “In cities across the world, delivery vehicles have taken over our streets. But delivery and logistics companies have kept very quiet about how much pollution their vehicles cause. The inexorable rise of online shopping, especially through celebrated events such as Amazon Prime Day, shows that the delivery industry is likely to continue growing unabated.”

Despite companies’ big claims for green fleets and moves towards electric vehicles (EVs), very few are practicing what they preach on sustainability and climate change. The commitments of the top six polluting companies are far behind what is needed to reach zero emission deliveries as a matter of urgency. Several lack plans and targets entirely, while all of them lack transparency and shroud the pollution and environmental impact of their parcel delivery operations from the public and consumers.

People are dying prematurely from air pollution, and so is our planet. There is a clear and urgent need for companies to come clean about their emissions – and to commit to clear, time-bound plans to move to zero emission deliveries by 2030.

*In descending order, the top six biggest polluters are: UPS, FedEx, Amazon Logistics (logistics and courier division of Amazon),  DPD, eKart (courier division of Flipkart), and DHL eCommerce Solutions (courier division of Deutsche Post DHL Group).


Media contacts: 

Aslihan Tumer, Clean Mobility Collective, International Coordinator:  +31 639245153

Sohini Baliga, Chief Communications Officer,  +1 415-532-3808 


Notes to editors:

  • You can download the report, Revealing the Secret Emissions of E-Commerce, here
  • ‘Last-mile’ refers to the final stage in a parcel’s journey from distribution depot to doorstep, although this is not necessarily a journey of a mile. It’s a short journey compared to the rest of the chain – despite this, the last-mile accounts for up to half of all delivery vehicle CO2 emissions.
  • The last-mile courier industry annually emits an estimated 500,000 tonnes of CO2 in India, three million tonnes in Europe, and four million tonnes in the US.
  • Europe, India and North America appear to all have similar profiles in terms of carbon emissions per parcel. The difference is that India is currently a very small e-commerce market – yet it is poised to become one of the biggest e-commerce markets in the world.
  • E-commerce last-mile delivery practices include sub-contracting and use of gig workers with limited social protection and bare minimum wages.
  • A number of the companies analyzed in this report, including Amazon, FedEx and UPS, have also been linked by to new research that shows they are using oil from the Amazon rainforest to power their delivery fleets. Overall, 39 million gallons of diesel from the Amazon rainforest was consumed by parcel delivery services in the US in 2020.


About Clean Mobility Collective

Clean Mobility Collective (CMC) is an international network committed to limiting our impact on climate change by pushing for the decarbonisation of the transportation sector. This includes transition to, and adoption of, 100% zero emission deliveries in major cities and among global fleet operators by 2030, and through local government actions to address air pollution.


About Research Group Research Group (SRG) obtains crucial information to help build campaigns on critical issues. SRG specializes in chain of custody research, identifying and tracking raw materials as they move through complex supply chains, tracking environmental destruction and human rights violations to help hold corporate actors accountable and, ultimately, change corporate practices.